反思「性別揭曉派對」風潮:當性別成為一門好生意,誰得利?

反思「性別揭曉派對」風潮:當性別成為一門好生意,誰得利?
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我們想讓你知道的是

社會性別作為社會建構性別的一種「常規」,規定了生理男與生理女生下來就必須要遵守特定規範,如男生必須穿西裝,舉止大方;女生就必須穿洋裝,舉止文雅。而性別揭曉派對正是透過「男生=藍色」、「女色=粉紅色」的社會符碼,來強化社會對胎兒的期待。

12年後,派對創辦者後悔自己辦了這個活動,除了引發非預期的後果,還再度加深了大眾的性別刻板印象 [10]。而現今的台灣,即使有了「玫瑰少年」的悲劇,我們卻還是擺脫不了性別二元的陷阱。

但或許這也是另一個推動性平的契機,如國外的父母舉辦了一個彩虹的性別揭曉派對給他們的非二元性別認同的孩子 [11],又或者以「第三種顏色」的紫色來代表雙性人的誕生 [3],都是顛覆傳統性別刻板印象的作法。最後要問,到底為什麼我們要「揭曉」性別?為什麼需要一個「派對」來定義胎兒的身分呢?

註釋及參考資料

[1] BBC News. California wildfires: Gender reveal party blamed for fire

[2] ABC News. Grandmother killed by inadvertently made 'pipe bomb' at gender-reveal party: Sheriff

[3] Pidgeon Pagonis (2016). 3 Ways That Gender Reveal Parties Can Be Harmful — Plus 3 Awesome Alternatives. Everyday Feminism.

[4] Pasche Guignard, F. (2015). A gendered bun in the oven. The gender-reveal party as a new ritualization during pregnancy. Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses, 44(4), 479-500.

[5] Alex Williams and Kate Murphy (2012). A Boy or Girl? Cut the Cake. The New York Times.

[6] Gieseler, C. (2018). Gender-reveal parties: performing community identity in pink and blue. Journal of Gender Studies, 27(6), 661-671.

[7] Jack, A. (2020). The gender reveal party: A new means of performing parenthood and reifying gender under capitalism. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 11(2), 82-93.

[8] Applequist, J. (2014). Pinterest, gender reveal parties, and the binary: Reducing an impending arrival to ‘pink’or ‘blue’. Pennsylvania Communication Annual, 70(3), 51-65.

[9] Beth Daley (2018). How neoliberalism colonised feminism – and what you can do about it. The Conversation.

[10] The Guardian (2020). I started the 'gender reveal party' trend. And I regret it.

[11] SBS (2020). Parents do new gender reveal party for their non-binary teen.

本文經辣台妹聊性別授權轉載,原文發表於此

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責任編輯:潘柏翰
核稿編輯:翁世航