鏡頭下的緬甸反毒團體:他們憤怒政府對氾濫毒品的消極,便選擇以暴力手段囚禁吸毒者

鏡頭下的緬甸反毒團體:他們憤怒政府對氾濫毒品的消極,便選擇以暴力手段囚禁吸毒者

我們想讓你知道的是

Pat Jasan是一個緬甸克欽邦的基督教反毒品團體,自稱擁有超過10萬成員。該宗教機構因不滿政府對海洛因和罌粟氾濫的消極態度,而自發組織街道巡邏、房屋搜查

攝影:Taylor Weidman|文字整理:Wolfie Zha

Pat Jasan是一個緬甸克欽邦的基督教反毒品團體,自稱擁有超過10萬成員。該宗教機構因不滿政府對海洛因和罌粟氾濫的消極態度,而自發組織街道巡邏、房屋搜查、羈押販毒吸毒者並且清理罌粟種植。然而他們這一系列自發的治安舉措亦因為公開毆打販毒吸毒者而被指過於極端。

MYITKYINA, BURMA - JANUARY 26: A team of Pat Jasan members on motorbikes patrols the streets looking for drug users on January 26, 2016 in Myitkyina, Burma. Pat Jasan is a Christian anti-drug group in Kachin State claiming over 100,000 members. Dissatisfied with the government's response towards widespread heroin use and poppy growing, the religious organization has taken matters into their own hands, organizing patrols, raiding houses, detaining drug dealers and users, and clearing poppy fields. Their brand of vigilante justice has been labeled extreme with some chapters accused of publicly beating those involved in the drug trade. (Photo by Taylor Weidman/Getty Images)

Pat Jasan分隊成員騎在機車上準備上街巡邏吸毒者。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

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被羈押人士在Pat Jasan總部做清潔 。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

MYITKYINA, BURMA - JANUARY 26: Pat Jasan members and detainees share a meal on January 26, 2016 in Myitkyina, Burma. Pat Jasan is a Christian anti-drug group in Kachin State claiming over 100,000 members. Dissatisfied with the government's response towards widespread heroin use and poppy growing, the religious organization has taken matters into their own hands, organizing patrols, raiding houses, detaining drug dealers and users, and clearing poppy fields. Their brand of vigilante justice has been labeled extreme with some chapters accused of publicly beating those involved in the drug trade. (Photo by Taylor Weidman/Getty Images)

Pat Jasan成員和被扣押者一同分享食物。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

MYITKYINA, BURMA - JANUARY 26: Detainees play music while locked in a room at Pat Jasan headquarters on January 26, 2016 in Myitkyina, Burma. Pat Jasan is a Christian anti-drug group in Kachin State claiming over 100,000 members. Dissatisfied with the government's response towards widespread heroin use and poppy growing, the religious organization has taken matters into their own hands, organizing patrols, raiding houses, detaining drug dealers and users, and clearing poppy fields. Their brand of vigilante justice has been labeled extreme with some chapters accused of publicly beating those involved in the drug trade. (Photo by Taylor Weidman/Getty Images)

被羈押者在Pat Jasan總部關押期間演奏音樂 。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

MYITKYINA, BURMA - JANUARY 26: Detainees who have tried to escape are locked up in their room on January 26, 2016 in Myitkyina, Burma. Pat Jasan is a Christian anti-drug group in Kachin State claiming over 100,000 members. Dissatisfied with the government's response towards widespread heroin use and poppy growing, the religious organization has taken matters into their own hands, organizing patrols, raiding houses, detaining drug dealers and users, and clearing poppy fields. Their brand of vigilante justice has been labeled extreme with some chapters accused of publicly beating those involved in the drug trade. (Photo by Taylor Weidman/Getty Images)

嘗試逃跑的被羈押人士被鎖在房間內。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

MYITKYINA, BURMA - JANUARY 26: A detainee sits near the window of her small cell at Pat Jasan headquarters on January 26, 2016 in Myitkyina, Burma. Pat Jasan is a Christian anti-drug group in Kachin State claiming over 100,000 members. Dissatisfied with the government's response towards widespread heroin use and poppy growing, the religious organization has taken matters into their own hands, organizing patrols, raiding houses, detaining drug dealers and users, and clearing poppy fields. Their brand of vigilante justice has been labeled extreme with some chapters accused of publicly beating those involved in the drug trade. (Photo by Taylor Weidman/Getty Images)

一個被羈押人士坐在一間小型囚室的窗口旁邊。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

MYITKYINA, BURMA - JANUARY 26: Pat Jasan members and detainees share a meal on January 26, 2016 in Myitkyina, Burma. Pat Jasan is a Christian anti-drug group in Kachin State claiming over 100,000 members. Dissatisfied with the government's response towards widespread heroin use and poppy growing, the religious organization has taken matters into their own hands, organizing patrols, raiding houses, detaining drug dealers and users, and clearing poppy fields. Their brand of vigilante justice has been labeled extreme with some chapters accused of publicly beating those involved in the drug trade. (Photo by Taylor Weidman/Getty Images)

Pat Jasan成員和被扣押者一同分享食物。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

MYITKYINA, BURMA - JANUARY 26: A Pat Jasan member assigned to look after detainees plays guitar on January 26, 2016 in Myitkyina, Burma. Pat Jasan is a Christian anti-drug group in Kachin State claiming over 100,000 members. Dissatisfied with the government's response towards widespread heroin use and poppy growing, the religious organization has taken matters into their own hands, organizing patrols, raiding houses, detaining drug dealers and users, and clearing poppy fields. Their brand of vigilante justice has been labeled extreme with some chapters accused of publicly beating those involved in the drug trade. (Photo by Taylor Weidman/Getty Images)

一個Pat Jasan成員和被羈押人士彈奏吉他、聊天。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

MYITKYINA, BURMA - JANUARY 26: Photos of poppy clearing operations are on display at Pat Jasan headquarters on January 26, 2016 in Myitkyina, Burma. Pat Jasan is a Christian anti-drug group in Kachin State claiming over 100,000 members. Dissatisfied with the government's response towards widespread heroin use and poppy growing, the religious organization has taken matters into their own hands, organizing patrols, raiding houses, detaining drug dealers and users, and clearing poppy fields. Their brand of vigilante justice has been labeled extreme with some chapters accused of publicly beating those involved in the drug trade. (Photo by Taylor Weidman/Getty Images)

在Pat Jasan總部展示罌粟花清理行動的相片。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

MYITKYINA, BURMA - JANUARY 26: A Pat Jasan member tests radios before a patrol on January 26, 2016 in Myitkyina, Burma. Pat Jasan is a Christian anti-drug group in Kachin State claiming over 100,000 members. Dissatisfied with the government's response towards widespread heroin use and poppy growing, the religious organization has taken matters into their own hands, organizing patrols, raiding houses, detaining drug dealers and users, and clearing poppy fields. Their brand of vigilante justice has been labeled extreme with some chapters accused of publicly beating those involved in the drug trade. (Photo by Taylor Weidman/Getty Images)

一個Pat Jasan成員在巡邏前調式無線電設備。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

MYITKYINA, BURMA - JANUARY 26: A Pat Jasan member has his picture taken at headquarters on January 26, 2016 in Myitkyina, Burma. Pat Jasan is a Christian anti-drug group in Kachin State claiming over 100,000 members. Dissatisfied with the government's response towards widespread heroin use and poppy growing, the religious organization has taken matters into their own hands, organizing patrols, raiding houses, detaining drug dealers and users, and clearing poppy fields. Their brand of vigilante justice has been labeled extreme with some chapters accused of publicly beating those involved in the drug trade. (Photo by Taylor Weidman/Getty Images)

一個Pat Jasan成員在總部拍照 。Photo Credit:Taylor Weidman / Getty Images

以下為攝影師Taylor Weidman的採訪自述:

1. 在你記錄這次事件時,有沒有什麼最讓你印象深刻的時刻或是圖片?

在我跟隨Pat Jasan一起行動時,感受最深的是克欽邦內毒品氾濫的程度。我在密支那時有機會探訪了當地戒毒所,拍攝了Pat Jasan巡邏隊,還採訪了吸毒者、巡邏隊成員及當地領袖等不少人。從他們那裏我了解到毒品問題的不同面向,比如獲得毒品的容易程度,以及對種植、買賣和吸食毒品管制的欠缺。根據地方官員估計,克欽邦的年輕人中大約有60%到70%的人吸食毒品。

2. 從局外人的角度,你如何看待巡邏隊與被羈押者的關係?雖然巡邏隊這麼做是基於善意,但畢竟使用了暴力的執法手段,他們之間到底相處如何?

在將吸毒者移交戒毒所前,當地的Pat Jasan會將他們扣留在總部。隊員和拘留者之間看起來還是友善的:那些嘗試逃走的拘留者會被戴上腳鐐,但他們還可以彈吉他。 Pat Jasan的隊員和拘留者會一起吃飯,大多數人都說,許多戒毒成功的人或許會加入Pat Jasan。

3. 你作為攝影記者對這件事的感受如何?

我希望透過我的相片體現這件事情並不是非黑即白。Pat Jasan認為毒品摧毀了他們的家園並且警方並沒有盡力得解決問題,所以他們認為自己是強大的抗爭力量,但同時,他們也選擇了暴力的手段,甚至是超過法律允許的範圍去達到目的。

4. 你是否有記錄大眾對此事的反應?你覺得他們如何看待該團體 ?

在克欽邦州,我和許多與吸毒者有接觸的民眾交流過。他們對此事的反應各有不同,但大部份對Pat Jasan的態度還算正面。儘管許多人並不認可他們使用暴力,但他們確實認為Pat Jasan對反對毒品氾濫起到了有效作用,也確實受到民眾歡迎。Pat Jasan據稱擁有超過十萬成員。

5. 與這些人住在一起並記錄他們每天的生活是一種怎樣的體驗?

我覺得投入時間拍攝Pat Jasan是種非比尋常的體驗,但也會造成很多麻煩。Pat Jasan渴望透過我去突出他們的高效工作,但也盡量避免被我拍攝到任何暴力場景。甚至當時我只拍到幾張被羈押者被銬上腳鏈的相片,他們就要求我不要再拍了。他們為自己的這項工作感到驕傲,但似乎也知道這種暴力手段會受到質疑,即便還比不上中世紀的酷刑。

6. 你會為在緬甸拍攝這種敏感題材感到擔憂嗎?

我在去之前和當地的記者及一個Pat Jasan代表有過交流,他們都認為是安全的。緬甸正在快速經歷著民主化進程,其中一個現象就是媒體自由的束縛在不斷脫落。隨著越來越多故事能獲得報導,那些被認為是「敏感」的故事就是最應該報道的內容。

7. 你如何克服在這種偏遠地方開展拍攝工作的種種困難?

我是在克欽邦州的首府密支那拍攝的,從仰光飛往密支那較為方便。我當時到達後有嘗試去往 Pat Jasan正在焚燒和清理的罌粟田地,但因為地處中緬邊境並且受到反動分子的控制,所以緬甸入境處因為安全問題沒有批准。

相關新聞:對販毒或擁毒者公開羞辱 緬甸禁毒團體與罌粟農爆衝突
責任編輯:吳象元
核稿編輯:李牧宜


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《錢都》品牌轉型學:導入數位化工具 起手NUEIP企業管理

《錢都》品牌轉型學:導入數位化工具 起手NUEIP企業管理
photo credit:人易科技

我們想讓你知道的是

錢都餐飲導入NUEIP的人資系統,讓各店長有機會展現自身更有價值與影響力的一面,也間接帶動各店彼此的目標達成士氣,讓品牌更有價值。

每天用餐時段一到,橘底白字的店面內,一個個小火鍋上桌,全家人的歡笑聲伴隨著鍋內沸騰的泡泡不斷冒出,這是錢都餐飲旗下老字號火鍋品牌「錢都日式涮涮鍋」的日常。從 1997 年創立至今,目前全台已擁有72間分店、來客數年破千萬,卻依然堅持使用精心熬煮 96 小時後的大骨高湯,並加入柴魚、昆布等食材增添其風味使湯頭更有層次,讓許多老饕顧客每每都感受到錢都令人難以忘懷的餐飲體驗。

而面對時代的變動,錢都近年來也持續推動品牌革新,翻新原有店面改裝成更符合年輕人風格的日系二代店,並積極計畫拓展店面,透過導入數位化工具,當輔助訓練大量儲備幹部與培訓人才時,能夠更加有效率。

NUEIP雲端人資包辦行政庶務,錢都店長安心放眼未來

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photo credit:人易科技/錢都
導入NUEIP讓店長們更有時間專注於達成公司營運績效。

錢都餐飲人資主任周芮昕表示,初期原本公司使用紙本打卡鐘,以全人工方式做薪資計算與審核。每個月月底,各店店長們都需要加班計算員工出缺勤與薪水,才能趕得及1號中午之前,讓物流車將紙卡載回總公司。接下來,總公司需加派人力逐張、逐行的人工登打進電腦,同時主管單位還會抽樣檢核正確性,前前後後繁複作業總需花上一週時間,而72間門店店長加上總公司登打與檢核的人力,更是可觀的成本。

「人工計薪誤差高、效率低,換算下來,NUEIP 幫我們幾乎節省了78%的時間與95%的人力成本,現在整個流程只需要兩個人、1.5 個工作天即可完成。不只效率高且基本上是零失誤,這些數值是我們在導入前完全沒意料到的。」周主任述說。錢都認為,店長們應該專注於門店的營運和管理,帶領門店達成公司經營目標,而不是加班執行繁瑣且無效率的行政作業。周主任認真地說道:「錢都餐飲導入NUEIP的人資系統,讓各店長有機會展現自身更有價值與影響力的一面,也間接帶動各店彼此的目標達成士氣,讓品牌更有價值。」

NUEIP療癒系出缺勤、排班與薪水管理,造福餐飲業者

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NUEIP的雲端人資系統排班介面清晰、操作簡易,且可計算計時人員的實際工作時數。

經營餐飲業的人都知道,餐飲業人員流動率高,加上計時人員眾多的情況下,要掌握員工的請假狀況只能經由店長回報,無法在第一時間知道。周主任說道:「以前各店排班是一件很痛苦的事情,幸好 NUEIP的排班功能對餐飲業非常友善。不僅可以依時數彈性安排工讀生的班表,不須建立上百個班別,還能自動檢核目前的人力配置是否妥當。搭配『實際工時統計』功能,可統計計時人員的實際工作時數,進而準確計算假期、加班時數與薪資,若人員有任何出勤狀況,總公司都能即時知曉或因應。」。

因為適切的系統功能,讓錢都餐飲在企業管理上能夠無所顧慮,周主任表示,雖然前期數位轉型時,要教育店長們使用電腦、熟悉功能,會經過約一個季度的轉換陣痛期。但現在不僅省去紙本操作、不用為了行政事務加班、各店人員可以輕鬆使用LINE進行上下班打卡或請假,店長們紛紛覺得這個轉換期很值得。對總公司來說,更降低了門市人員的控管風險,讓整個企業在力拼品牌規模時,更加順利地往前邁進。

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photo credit:人易科技/錢都
錢都藉由手機APP打造會員生態圈、力拼餐飲品牌規模。

雖然疫情肆虐全台業者,但錢都餐飲把握契機逆勢成長,開始發展電商通路,推出品牌麻辣鴨血豆腐、特色水餃、嚴選海鮮食材等;實體店方面,藉由手機會員 APP 打造超級會員經濟。錢都餐飲旗下品牌目前正積極討論拓點計畫,以優渥的薪資獎金招募優秀的儲備幹部,而在例行的行政事務上,則由 NUEIP 協助支援,讓門市與總部的聯繫更加緊密與即時,企業內部管理更加順暢有效率。


了解更多:https://www.nueip.com/

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